Matthew 22:23–33

Context:

  • Disbelief in Resurrection (v. 23)
    • Levirate Marriage Law (cf. Deuteronomy 25:5–10)
    • Whose Wife Would She Be?
  • At Discussion is the Nature of Resurrection (v. 28)
  • In the Resurrection, All Will Be Like Angels (v. 30)
    • Disbelief in Angels (cf. Acts 23:8)
    • Resurrection Bodies (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:35–49)
    • We do not become asexual.

The Nature of Angels

Angels are:

  • Ministering spirits (Hebrews 1:14)
  • Higher than humanity (Hebrews 2:7–9)
  • Referred to in the Bible using masculine pronouns and names (e.g. Michael, Gabriel).

Angels’ task:

  • “Messenger” is what the Hebrew and Greek terms translated “angel” means.
    • They appeared in human form (Genesis 18) as well as divine form (Luke 1). They are not to be worshiped (cf. Revelation 22:9).
    • They delivered the Gospel to humans (cf. Galatians 1:8)
    • Christ’s conception (Luke 1:26–38); birth (Luke 2:9–15); resurrection (Matthew 28:5–7); and ascension (Acts 1:9–11).
  • They are a chorus of singers praising God and holding Him in reverence (Psalm 89:5–8; Revelation 4:6–5:14).

They were created (Psalm 148:1–5):

  • Before the creation of the world, because they were present and rejoiced when the world was created (Job 38:4–7).
  • They are often referred to as “sons of God” (Genesis 6:2; Psalm 29:1; Job 1:6) or “gods” (Psalm 82:1, 6).

They exist in the hierarchy:

  • Michael is archangel (Jude 1:9; cf. 1 Thessalonians 4:16).
    • Though not called an archangel in the Bible, Gabriel stands in God’s presence which may indicate that he is an archangel (Luke 1:19).
  • Seraphim (“fiery ones”) are the closest to God (Isaiah 6:1–7).
  • Cherubim (“full of wisdom”) are next-closest to God (Ezekiel 1:5–22 & 10).
  • Thrones refer to God’s judicial powers, dominions and powers are a part of God’s providential plan, and principalities oversee earthly governments.
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Becoming “Like” Angels in the Resurrection (Outline)